Dissertation Prospectus Framework I need to add to my dissertation paper attached the theoretical framework(s)..and I have to use the deterrence theory and
Dissertation Prospectus Framework I need to add to my dissertation paper attached the theoretical framework(s)..and I have to use the deterrence theory and routine activity theory because It seems that people do this because they can get away with it. below is an example:
Framework (Conceptual or Theoretical) In one paragraph, describe the framework that demonstrates an understanding of the theories and concepts relevant to your topic. Align the framework with the
problem, purpose, research questions, and background of your study. This theoretical or conceptual framework is
Dissertation Prospectus Guide Page 5
the basis for understanding, designing, and analyzing ways to investigate your research problem (data collection and analysis). Provide the original scholarly
literature on the theory or concepts even if it is more than 5 years old. Please do not cite secondary sources. Research Question(s) and Hypotheses (if applicable) List the question or a series of related questions that are informed by the study purpose, which will lead to the development of what
needs to be done in this study and how it will be accomplished.
A research question informs the research design by providing a foundation for
generation of hypotheses in quantitative studies,
questions necessary to build the design structure for qualitative studies, and
a process by which different methods will work together in mixed-methods studies. Nature of the Study Provide a concise paragraph that (a) presents the approach that will be used to address the research question(s) and (b) discusses how this approach aligns
with the problem statement. The examples of study design are as follows:
experimental, quasiexperimental, or nonexperimental designs; treatment-control; repeated measures; causal-comparative; single-subject; predictive studies; or other quantitative approaches
another design, to be specified with a justification provided for its use Possible Types and Sources of Data Secondary data include public or existing data that are collected by others. Primary data are collected by the researcher. Provide a list of possible
types and sources of data that could be used to address the proposed research question(s), such as test scores from college students, employee surveys, observations of a phenomenon, interviews
with practitioners, historical documents from state records, de-identified medical records, or information from a federal database. For secondary, or preexisting data, identify the data source, how the data will be accessed, and the data points that will be
used to address the research questions. For primary data, explain the data points, how the data will be obtained, and potential participants who will be accessed to address the research questions. Possible secondary
data sources, by program, are available on the Center for Research Quality website. Sources of information that support and clarify the problem belong in the Background section. If you are thinking about collecting data on a sensitive topic or from a vulnerable population, an early consultation with the Institutional Review Board (IRB;
IRB@waldenu.edu) during your prospectus writing process is recommended to gain ethics guidance that you can
incorporate into your subsequent proposal drafts and research planning. Find more information on the IRB
Guides and FAQs page. Limitations, Challenges, and/or Barriers Provide information on limitations, challenges, and/or barriers that may need to be addressed when conducting this study. These may include access to participants,
access to data, separation of roles (researcher versus employee), instrumentation fees, etc. Running Head: DISSERTATION PROSPECTUS
Exploring the Reasons People Abuse Animals
Yearly, media attention focuses on the most extreme cases on animal cruelty. The animal abuse problem is more prevalent than the reports from. Animal mistreatment and negligence is a countrywide concern, also affecting many animals globally. Brutality to animals is
defined as administering bodily pain, grieving, or at some extreme point the death on an animal
(Abubakar, Manzoor, & Iqbal, 2018). There is a concern to stop the individuals abusing the
animals from behaving in such an awful way, avoiding the mistreatment of these animals. What
prompts the people mistreating the animals to act in that cruel manner? How are the reported
animal abuse cases being handled? Do abusers get charged for abusing the animals? Lastly,
does the animal status in the community add to their abuse rate? These are some of the questions that linger on one’s mind when such atrocity is directed to these animals and very much
need addressing before the situation escalates to a whole other level.
There are various notions on how cruelty on animals starts (Arluke, 2017). One of
them being abusers pre-established psychological state that consents them to begin mistreating
animals and at some point, the situation might bring about the death of the animal (Sollund,
2017). Most of the cases are not detected and many animal abusers tend to continue with the
act thus the rising instances (Altschuler, 2017). The findings from this research could help to
inform policy(s) at various levels that prevent and deter animal abuse.
The purpose of this student is to gain a better understanding of why people abuse animals. The study will employ a qualitative approach to answer the research question, “Why
do people abuse animals?” There could be a variety of reasons for which people abuse animals and a qualitative approach could allow for a wide examination of animal abuse. Certain
themes could emerge from this research that could inform policy(s) aimed at preventing and
deterring animal abuse. The study could also assist in informing ways to detect and prosecute
people who abuse animals. Using a qualitative approach, animal caretakers from organizations such as the ASPCA, Humane Societies, Animal Shelters and veterinary clinics will be
asked to describe some of their experiences with cases of animal abuse. Another source of
data will be: police officers; game wardens; and animal control officers who can discuss their
experiences investigating cases of animal abuse.
This study will facilitate a clear and broad understanding of why people abuse animals. The study will search for themes on the reasons why people abuse animals and will apply the appropriate qualitative measures to provide a clear understanding to the public on the
findings. The findings of the study could be used to inform policy(s) aimed at prevention and
deterrence. The study could also raise awareness on the issue of animal abuse. The raised
awareness could lead to additional reporting of animal abuse by the public. This study could
also lead to additional research on animal abuse. More factors that could be initiating the discrimination and mistreatment of animals by humans could be unveiled and preventive, and
deterrence measures are put in action to save the animals. Concerning the deterrence and routine activity theories, the study could unveil the already enforced policies that the public neglect while carrying out animal abuse. Routine theory, in particular, could show how frequent
people engage in animal abuse and what their intentions are while carrying out the activity.
This study could prove to be unique as it focuses on researching the animal abuse theme that
is regarded by most people as a usual thing yet such people fail to understand that the animals
also deserve proper treatment, just like humans. The outcome of this study could be used by
both the doctorate students and committee to establish other research themes that also address
animal abuse. The broad survey of the animal abuse could be used by the research committee
to provide a suitable report on the research theme for the establishment of appropriate policies that can be effectively enforced to prevent and protect the animals from abuse. The tertiary institutions could, therefore, be placed in the forefront in researching and providing solutions to cases such as animal abuse that is considered usual, yet they have unmentionable
Earlier studies on this issue were carried out and similar findings provided by studies
carried out by Arluke (2017), Sollund (2017) and Altschuler (2017). Common findings were
presented and similar trends noted in the animal abuse globally. The conclusions of the study
by Altschuler (2017) showed that most of the cases are not detected and many animal abusers
tend to continue with the act thus the rising instances. In a different study carried out on the
theme of animal abuse by Arluke (2017), a similar finding to the basis of animal abuse was
provided, i.e. the abusers pre-established psychological state that consents them to begin mistreating animals and at some point, the situation might bring about the death of the animal.
Some of the resources that provide detailed information on the earlier studies carried
out by various teams on the issue of animal abuse are listed as follows:
Arluke, A. (2017). Just a dog: Understanding animal cruelty and ourselves. Temple
Altschuler, E. L. (2017). Animal-Assisted Therapy for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder:
Lessons from “Case Reports” in Media Stories. Military medicine, 183(1-2), 11-13.
Sollund, R. (2017). Causes for speciesism: Difference, distance, and denial. In Transnational Environmental Crime(pp. 75-96). Routledge.University Press.
Abubakar, M., Manzoor, S., & Iqbal, A. (2018). Introductory Chapter: Animal Welfare—
Global Perspective. In Animal Welfare. IntechOpen.
Altschuler, E. L. (2017). Animal-Assisted Therapy for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: Lessons from “Case Reports” in Media Stories. Military medicine, 183(1-2), 11-13.
Arluke, A. (2017). Just a dog: Understanding animal cruelty and ourselves. Temple
Ascione, F. A., & Ascione, F. R. (2010). The International Handbook of Animal Abuse and
Cruelty: Theory, Research, and Application. Purdue University Press.
Flynn, C. P. (2012). Understanding Animal Abuse: A Sociological Analysis. Lantern Books.
Nurse, A. (2016). Animal Harm: Perspectives on Why People Harm and Kill Animals.
Sollund, R. (2017). Causes for speciesism: Difference, distance, and denial. In Transnational
Environmental Crime(pp. 75-96). Routledge.University Press.
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