FRIENDS Science & Technology Role In International Security The position papers are two 1-page, typed, single-spaced statements of your country’s position (netherlands) in regards to two aspects of the particular topic you are assigned to consider as part of whatever committee you will be serving on, or perhaps on two distinct topics, depending on your committee. These position papers will demonstrate 1) how well you have followed the outline presented in the Model United Nations Delegate Handbook, and 2) how concisely you can draw upon your research to lay out a hypothetical position which you believe the country you represent would adopt.
Topic B: Role of Science and Technology in the Context of International Security and Disarmament
The role of science and technology in the context of international security and disarmament was first on the agenda of the General Assembly First Committee in 1988, when it adopted A/RES/43/77(A). 5 At that time, increasing amounts of resources were being utilized to develop new and emerging weapon systems, which lead to uncertainty and insecurity throughout the international community.6 As modern technologies, such as satellites, drones, the Internet, and data analytics, including the use of big data, are actively or potentially being weaponized, discussions are occurring throughout the international community as to the feasibility of developing international standards or instruments to ensure that such technologies are contributing to peace processes and not to conflict. Emerging technologies have often played a part in confidence building, information sharing, and disarmament, but balancing its use in development and identifying how to ensure peaceful uses remains difficult. 7 At its most recent session, the General Assembly adopted A/RES/72/28, which called for the Secretary-General to submit a report on the subject to its next session and invited Member States to work to ensure that advancements in science and technology are being used for the purposes of disarmament, including verification, arms control and non-proliferation.8
This is a link to know how to prepare a position paper. https://mmun.org/position-papers/
Some background information https://mmun.files.wordpress.com/2018/09/mmun59_ga…
Some sources that you might use https://www.un.org/disarmament/convarms/salw/ 2 https://www.un.org/disarmament/convarms/salw/programme-of-action/ 3 http://www.un-arm.org/PoAISS/InternationalTracingI… 4 https://undocs.org/A/RES/72/57 5 https://undocs.org/A/RES/43/77 6 https://www.un.org/disarmament/topics/scienceandte… 7 http://repository.un.org/handle/11176/154089 8 http://undocs.org/a/res/72/28
I also attached steps on how to do it and a example of the position paper.
Please, provide 10 different sources. at least 7 articles. How to Prepare a Position Paper
A position paper will help you to determine how you’re country
should vote. It is simply a general overview about how you think
your country feels about a given topic. As was stated earlier, not all
conferences will require these to be submitted, however, it is still
important that you do your research and come to a general
consensus on how your country should vote.
The first step to preparing a position paper is to look up your
country’s foreign policy. If you can find a government document
that details your country’s foreign policy, you will be ahead of the
game. Another resource that you might look into is any speeches
that have been given by your country’s Prime Minister or United
Nation delegate. These speeches will contain key phrases that will
help you in determining how your country would normally vote.
The next step is to find how your country has voted in the United
Nations in similar issues. Past records that can be found on the UN
website will help you with this task. Much of this information is
public domain and should be easy to obtain.
. Finally, look at who your country has allied with and worked closely
with in international matters. By determining this, you will be able
to align with individuals at the conference. Do not let this list govern
how you will vote at the Model UN, but let it be a guide as to who you
might want to work with when preparing resolution papers. It will
be much easier to work with people than to go at it alone. In the long
run, you will need your allies in the UN to have your paper
• Your paper will consist of two sections:
O A general statement about the topic and what has been done in
the past regarding this issue. Usually, the conference will provide
some of this information for you. However, sometimes additional
research may be necessary in order to effectively write this
O A particulars section in which you discuss the position of your
country and how your country suggests that the problems be
solved. This section will help you later in developing your
working and resolution papers.
• The next page is a sample position paper that was prepared for the
Harvard Model United Nations in 2002.
Committee: Disarmament & International Security
I. General Statement
Just as the disarmament on nuclear weapons was a controversial issue, so too is
the disarmament of biological and chemical weapons. The 1972 Biological Weapons
Convention and the 1992 Chemical Weapons Convention prohibited the development,
production, and stockpiling of biological and chemical weapons. These Conventions
have quite obviously yielded very little compliance. We need to develop a way to ensure
that these terrible weapons of mass destruction are not produced or stockpiled and a way
that we can enforce our decisions under all circumstances.
Biological and chemical weapons have oftentimes been regarded as the
poorman’s nuclear weapon. They are particularly attractive to Third World nations and
terrorists because they are the cheapest weapons of mass destruction and they provide a
check against the nuclear powers. They are the cheapest and easiest ways for terrorists to
accomplish the mass destruction of a people. As terrorism continues to be a problem, so
too will biological and chemical weapons.
Tunisia believes that the adoption of the 1994 Ad Hoc Group’s proposal alone
will not solve the biological and chemical weapon problem. An attack on production and
stockpiling of biological and chemical weapons also requires an attack on terrorism in
order to be fully effective.
Tunisia is not in possession of any biological or chemical weapons and therefore
supports any and all inspections of biomedical facilities. As we have ratified the
Biological Weapons Convention of 1972, we believe that with proper enforcement, we
can help to eliminate the conducive conditions that are required for the growth of
fundamentalism. However, first we must attack terrorism and those who harbor the
creators of terror. To successfully do this, we must first attack poverty, ignorance,
despondency and marginalization, disease, inequality, and oppression. Only through all
of this can we fully eliminate terrorism and the biological and chemical weapons scare.
Until such a time, biological and chemical weapons will always exist in the hands
of terrorists. When these terrorists are caught, the only fair way to try them is in a
country other than their own. As for the country that harbored these terrorists, we need to
leave the settlement of disputes and what to do with these countries up to the Security
Council. Tunisia believes that a truly representative Security Council (of the future)
should have the authority for mandatory inspection of suspected chemical and biological
facilities of all nations and they should deal with violations (be they states or terrorists)
under Chapters VI and VII of the U.N. Charter.
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