HCA430 Ashford People with HIV/AIDS Proposed Program Paper For the second written assignment of the course, you will continue in the design of your propose

HCA430 Ashford People with HIV/AIDS Proposed Program Paper For the second written assignment of the course, you will continue in the design of your proposed model program by demonstrating your understanding of your selected population’s challenges, which negatively impact this group’s health and well-being. Based on this week’s research, conduct an assessment of the barriers, limitations, and other distinguishing features, as they exist within your community.Prepare a recap of the model program for your community that you originally shared in the week 2 written assignment. As stated in the Week Two directions, changes to the potential program can be made as you research and develop the focus of the program.Analyze and discuss at least three critical barriers that impact the health and well-being of your chosen group; one must be a micro-level (individual) barrier that is financial, one must be a macro-level (community/state) barrier that relates to access and funding for care, and the third barrier may be one of your choosing.Discuss at least one proposed solution for each barrier. Your solution for the micro barrier must include an analysis of various potential funding options (both independent and integrated). Your solution for the macro barrier must include an analysis of financing resources for health care.Research and analyze the regulatory, legal, ethical, and accreditation requirements and issues for the service(s) offered in your proposed program. Discuss how each will impact the management of the program.Your assignment should be a minimum of three pages in length (excluding title and reference pages) and should include a minimum of three scholarly sources cited according to APA guidelines as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center. Please note: All assignments in this course are progressive; therefore you should use the same population selected in your Week Two assignment. The Week Two assignment’s contents do not need to be re-submitted with this assignment. Paper Outline
Title: Vulnerable Population Summary and Proposed program:
Sub Title: People Diagnosed with HIV/AIDS
Paragraph 1: Describes the effects of culture/ethnicity on HIV/AIDS patients’ vulnerability.
Paragraph 2: Describes the impact of income levels on the vulnerability of HIV/AIDS patients.
Paragraph 3, 4, and 5: Describes the intersection of social, political, and economic factors
affecting vulnerability of HIV/AIDS Patients.
Paragraph 6 and 7: Introduces a communal program to aid in minimizing or eradicating
vulnerability among HIV/AIDS patients.
Appendix 1: An Educational Program to sensitize people on HIV/AIDS vulnerability
References: Gives three scholarly sources used in the research including the textbook.
Vulnerable Population Summary and Proposed program:
People Diagnosed with HIV/AIDS
Chellbee I McKnight
Julie Bruno
The vulnerability of People Diagnosed with HIV/AIDS: Ethnic and Income
According to Straub (2014), multi-ethnic cultures in large nations, for instance, the
United States, a disparity in health status and life expectancy between the cultural majority and
the cultural minority. There exists some level of discrimination of people of minority cultures
and ethnicity in healthcare delivery process, even when the affordability, the severity of the
condition, and the age are comparable (Straub, 2014). In this case, HIV/AIDS patients from the
minority cultures in the United States or any other global destination may get insufficient or
lesser attention from caregivers, increasing their chances of contracting other diseases.
HIV/AIDS is an immunodeficiency condition that lowers the body’s capacity to fight other
diseases (Ayres et al, 2006). An HIV/AIDS patient who gets lesser attention from caregivers,
therefore, has higher chances of dying of other diseases that they get exposed to.
As per Straub (2014), income is measured in terms of the Social Economic Status (SES)
of a population. Generally, low SES has been found by research to relate directly to a poor health
outcome. It is, therefore, expected that people living with HIV/AIDS can only afford betterliving conditions if they have a high income. If a person living with HIV/AIDS fails to afford a
healthy life, then they are exposed to other diseases. Given that HIV/AIDS is an
immunodeficiency condition, the disease is very likely to take the patients down (Ayres et al,
2006). Most HIV/AIDS patients die from other diseases, mainly because their immunities have
been compromised by the virus (Ayres et al, 2006). As a result, therefore, people with low
incomes and living with HIV/AIDS are most likely to die faster than those with higher income.
The intersection of social, political, and economic factors affecting vulnerability
In the current world, there are changes due to focus on social life and its psychological
effects. People who have good social lives have better health outcomes. People living with HIV
may try to keep their condition to themselves in societies where they will only get discriminated
and alienated for being HIV positive. People living in such discriminative societies and are in the
AIDS stage may lack sufficient care from the society, and if they cannot afford hospital bills,
they end up suffering from their homes (Delor, & Hubert, 2015). In communities that are socially
supportive and include HIV positive people like any other person allow people with HIV/AIDS
to come live a positive HIV positive life, which includes inclusion and protection of others. They
get sufficient care in such social environments and their health and life expectancy is enhanced,
reducing vulnerability thereof.
The political systems of a nation can protect of exposing a vulnerable population. In the
United States, for instance, the elimination of the insurance policies that blurred people who
lived with the preexisting condition from using their policies for the first 6 months was repealed
through political-legal changes. This protected people living with HIV from being prevented to
use their health insurance policies for the first six months due to the condition (Delor, & Hubert,
2015). The political systems can design legal systems that prevent the discrimination of people
living with HIV/AIDS or even empower them through the allocation of government resources to
provide care, for instance, antiretroviral treatment.
Economic factors are mainly measured in terms of Social Economic Status. When a
community, society, or individual is sufficiently funded economically, they are able to afford
better treatment services and healthy living conditions. In this case, considering HIV/AIDS
patients, they can afford better treatment and healthy living conditions that can reduce the
chances of them contracting diseases. If their affordability is low, they may not afford sufficient
medical treatment and healthy lifestyles, which disposes them to diseases (Delor, & Hubert,
2015). The Human Immunodeficiency virus compromises immunity, and any disease can kill the
patient easily. Lower affordability of a healthy lifestyle, therefore, reduces the health status and
life expectancy in HIV/AIDs patients.
A program to eliminate Social Pressure on HIV/AIDS Patients in my community
In my community, I have not met one single person who comes out and tells people that
he or she lives with HIV/AIDS. This does not mean that everyone is HIV negative. It is only that
social pressure is a common concern in the region. If people know that someone is HIV positive,
they might alienate them. In some instances, a person can lose a job if the community knows that
they are HIV positive. In other instances, children in schools cannot know that another child is
HIV positive. This can cause too much discrimination to the positive child to points where the
child will opt to quit school or live with psychological issues which might worsen his/her
In order to eliminate this social pressure concern, there is a need to make people aware
that HIV/AIDS is a condition, and people can live with people with the diseases and not contract
it. There are risk factors that they have to avoid, but integrating with people with HIV/AIDS is
not one of it. In this case, it is relevant to have a program that trains these people to live with
HIV positive people. Additionally, people living with HIV/AIDS should also be trained on the
importance of letting the community know what they are suffering from, and also educate the
community on how to avoid being positive. This section, therefore, designs an educational
program for my community.
Appendix 1: Educational Program to sensitize people on HIV/AIDS vulnerability
Weekly Activity
Mondays: Visiting
an elementary school
and talking to
children about
Visiting high schools
to talk to students
To make children
understand that HIV is
To make children
appreciate and support
their schoolmates with
To help children learn
ways to protect
themselves from
To make students
understand that
HIV/AIDS patients
need psychosocial
To make the students
learn how to prevent
themselves from HIV.
Saturdays: Visiting
HIV/AIDS patients
in hospitals with
Assisting the patient
feel that the
community cares for
Praying with them.
Sundays: Visiting
Churches to talk to
the attendants about
Making the
community aware of
the psychosocial
support that
HIV/AIDS patients
Required Resources
A whiteboard to be
provided by the
A projector and
Public health workers/
social workers, or
trained volunteers.
Permission from the
A whiteboard to be
provided by the
A projector and
Public health workers/
social workers, or
trained volunteers.
Permission from the
Donations such as
money that can pay
parts of their bills.
Prayerful people from
churches and mosque.
Permission from the
Volunteers or
healthcare workers.
The time within the
Church’s program.
Ayres, J. R. D. C. M., Paiva, V., França Jr, I., Gravato, N., Lacerda, R., Della Negra, M., … &
Silva, M. H. (2006). Vulnerability, human rights, and comprehensive health care needs of
young people living with HIV/AIDS. American Journal of Public Health, 96(6), 10011006.
Delor, F., & Hubert, M. (2015). Revisiting the concept of ‘vulnerability’. Social Science &
Medicine, 50(11), 1557-1570.
Straub, R. O. (2014). Health Psychology: A Biopsychosocial Approach, 4th Edition.
[VitalSource Bookshelf Online]. Retrieved from

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