Birth control research questions Your paper must be 5 pages in length and reference 4-6 scholarly, peer-reviewed resources. Be sure to follow APA formattin

Birth control research questions Your paper must be 5 pages in length and reference 4-6 scholarly, peer-reviewed resources. Be sure to follow APA formatting standards (spacing, font, headers, titles, abstracts, page numbering, etc.) as you demonstrate informative, explanatory, descriptive writing.

Address your general topic by forming and answering two levels of research questions, developed to provide specific and detailed inquiry, discovery and understanding:
Choose a “Level 1 Research Question/ Writing Prompt” from either or both of the lists below to answer in the paper.
Compose a “Level 2 Research Question/ Writing Prompt” that provides detail, specificity, and focus to your inquiry, research and writing**.
State your research questions in the introduction of your paper.
Form the body of your paper by answering each research question, using references to the resources found in your research.
Review the process and the resulting understandings in the conclusion of the paper (briefly review the issues, research questions, answers, and insights.)
Level 1 Research Questions/Writing Prompts
SCIENTIFIC Perspective of Inquiry
What are the anatomical, physiological, pathological, or epidemiological issues?
Which body systems are affected?
What happens at the cellular or genetic level?
Which chemical or biological issues are most important?
Level 1 Research Questions/Writing Prompts
What are the economical issues involved?
Which economic theories or approaches best explain the issue?
What are the statistical facts related to the issue?
Which statistical processes used to study the issue provide for the best explanation or understanding of the issue?

Please use what I have uploaded as well. I have answered some of these questions, but you will need to put more of level 2 questions. Annie Zakaryan
Professor Mirzatoni
General Education Capstone
6 February 2019
Level 1 Questions
1. What is birth control and which body system does it effect?
Birth control is any type of method used to prevent getting pregnant. The most popular
method preventing pregnancy is birth control pills. Taking birth control pills have an effect on
the reproductive system. In the female reproductive system, the ovaries produce two types of
hormones: estrogen and progesterone. When taking the pill, the body receives more of the
hormones which can thicken the cervical mucus, prevent sperm to progress to the uterine cavity.
It may also thin the uterine lining making it harder for the fertilized egg to attach.
2. What are some short term and long terms effects?
Although most people safely use birth control methods for long periods of time, short
term and long term side effects may appear. Since birth control releases hormones into the body,
people tend to experience side effects right after taking it. Some of these side effects include:
bleeding or spotting between periods, headaches, nausea, breast tenderness, weight gain and
mood swings. Some long term side effects of taking birth control: cancer and blood clots. Taking
birth control methods including hormones increase the risk of developing breast and cervical
cancer, but also reduce the risk of endometrial, ovarian, and colorectal cancers. “A 2013 metaanalysis of 26 studies indicated that the use of oral contraceptives containing both progesterone
and estrogen increased peoples risk of developing blood clot”.
3. How many different types of birth control are there?
There are many different types of birth control out there, the pill being the most popular.
There are also other types of birth controls which do not use hormones, such as: the male and
female condom, the diaphragm (placed inside vagina), the cervical cap, the intrauterine device,
the contraceptive implant and sponge, spermicide, etc. Each of these birth control methods have
their own pros and cons. Nowadays there are many options for women to choose from, whether
wanting hormone based or hormone free.
Level 2 Questions
1. When did FDA approve birth control?
The FDA approved the first produced birth-control on May 9, 1960. “In the early 1950s,
Gregory Pincus, a biochemist at the Worcester Foundation for Experimental Biology, and
John Rock, a gynecologist at Harvard Medical School, began work on a birth-control pill.
Clinical tests of the pill, which used synthetic progesterone and estrogen to repress
ovulation in women, were initiated in 1954” (A&E Television Networks). It was initially
commissioned by birth control pioneer Margaret Sanger and funded by Katherine McCormick.
Margaret Sanger opened the first birth control clinic in the United States in 1916.
2. Can birth control cause infertility?
No, birth control cannot cause infertility. It is a popular myth that has been going around
for a while. Even if you’ve been taking the pill for a long time, women resume a normal
menstrual cycle within 1 to 2 months after not taking the birth control pills. You should contact a
gynecologist if menstrual cycle has not resumed within 2 months of stopping birth control.
3. Why does birth control have to be taken every single day at the same time if taken
the pill?
The birth control pills effectiveness depends on how it is taken. If taken every day at the
same time, the pregnancy rates are lower than 1 percent. Progestin pills is a second type of pill
taken for birth control but less popular. If you are late taking the progestin-only birth control pill
by more than three hours, it’s suggested to use a second method of birth control. The ingredients
in progestin-only pill doesn’t stay in the body’s system for long period of time. It usually lasts
for 24 hours. When taken late, the body had enough time to revert back to releasing eggs
Works Cited
A&E Television Networks. (2010, February 09). FDA approves the pill. Retrieved from
Lizano, M. (2017, March 01). What Happens to My Body on Hormone Birth Control? Retrieved
Pietro, M. D. (2018, August 14). Long-term effects of birth control: Is it safe to use indefinitely?
Retrieved from
Wilson, D. R. (2017, September 26). The Effects of Hormonal Birth Control on Your Body.
Retrieved from

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